Global Edition. September 23, 2014  Updated: 45 min ago
    Astronomers have for the first time caught a glimpse of the earliest stages of massive galaxy construction. The building site, dubbed "Sparky," is a dense galactic core blazing with the light of millions of newborn stars that are forming at a ferocious rate.
    Finance

      ECB Exchange Rates (September 22, 2014)
    1 EUR=1.2845USD -0.00070graph »
    1 EUR=0.78660GBP +0.00010graph »
    1 EUR=1.2069CHF +0.00020graph »
    1 EUR=7.8880CNY -0.00430graph »
    1 EUR=78.2094INR +0.03070graph »
    1 EUR=140.09JPY +0.25000graph »

      Key ECB Interest Rates, effective from September 10, 2014
      Deposit facility -0.2000 % p.a.  -0.1000  
      Marginal lending facility 0.3000 % p.a.  -0.1000  
      Main refinancing operations (fixed) 0.0500 % p.a.  -0.1000  

      NY Foreign Exchange Noon Rates of September 19, 2014
    1 EUR=1.2835USD -0.00780graph »
    1 GBP=1.6314USD -0.00580graph »
    1 USD=0.9404CHF +0.00600graph »
    1 USD=6.1403CNY +0.00030graph »
    1 USD=60.8000INR +0.02000graph »
    1 USD=108.9600JPY +0.27000graph »
    WEATHER
    New York
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    Berlin
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    Rome
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    Moscow
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    Rio de Janeiro
    21°C, humidity 82%; partly cloudy skies

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    New Delhi
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    Beijing
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    Sydney
    22°C, humidity 37%

    forecast for Sydney

    The human genome sequence, published in 2003, has helped researchers identify countless genes involved in health and disease. But genes tell only part of a biological story. Many other types of DNA sequences also have biological function. These regions control gene activity and affect DNA structure, dynamics, and replication. Chromatin, the complex of DNA and protein that forms chromosomes, also affects how genes are expressed (turned on and off).
    Scientists determined the detailed structure and movement of the glutamate receptor, a protein in nerve cells involved in learning, memory, and several diseases.
    Autoinflammatory diseases are conditions in which the innate immune system, for unknown reasons, becomes activated and triggers inflammation. The innate immune system is the body’s rapid first line of defense against infection. The heat, swelling, and redness of inflammation are a normal part of the body’s protective response to injury or infection.
    Bioengineers have created three-dimensional brain-like tissue that functions like and has structural features similar to tissue in the rat brain and that can be kept alive in the lab for more than two months.
    Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling brain disorder that usually strikes during young adulthood and lasts a lifetime. It affects about 1 in 100 people, causing hallucinations, delusions, and other mental problems. Because schizophrenia tends to run in families, scientists have long suspected a genetic component.
    Using data from over 18,000 patients, scientists have identified more than two dozen [[genetic risk]] factors involved in [[Parkinson’s disease]], including six that had not been previously reported. The study, published in Nature Genetics, was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and led by scientists working in NIH laboratories.
    Early transplantation of blood-forming stem cells is a highly effective treatment for infants with severe combined immunodeficiency, a group of rare, life-threatening inherited immune system disorders.
    Scientists used a novel microchip-based method to isolate and grow tumor cells circulating in blood. The technique provides an opportunity to test treatments on tumor cells, an important step toward personalizing cancer therapy.
    In a finding that has implications for life in other extreme environments, both on Earth and elsewhere in the solar system, researchers published a paper confirming that the waters and sediments of a lake that lies 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the surface of the West Antarctic ice sheet support "viable microbial ecosystems."
    NASA research shows Earth's atmosphere contains an unexpectedly large amount of an ozone-depleting compound from an unknown source decades after the compound was banned worldwide.
    NASA's Pluto-bound New Horizons spacecraft has traversed the orbit of Neptune. This is its last major crossing en route to becoming the first probe to make a close encounter with distant Pluto on July 14, 2015.
    NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has spotted an eruption of dust around a young star, possibly the result of a smashup between large asteroids. This type of collision can eventually lead to the formation of planets.
    Once every 50 years, more or less, a massive star explodes somewhere in the Milky Way. The resulting blast is terrifyingly powerful, pumping out more energy in a split second than the sun emits in a million years. At its peak, a supernova can outshine the entire Milky Way.
    New research led by NASA and the University of Washington, Seattle, confirms that springtime snow on sea ice in the Arctic has thinned significantly in the last 50 years, by about a third in the Western Hemisphere and by half near Alaska.
    Located in the Brabazon Range of southeastern Alaska, Yakutat Glacier is one of the fastest retreating glaciers in the world. It is the primary outlet for the 810-square kilometer Yakutat ice field, which drains into Harlequin Lake and, ultimately, the Gulf of Alaska.
    In the past, many atmospheric scientists believed that pollen particles probably had a negligible effect on climate because they were so big. In recent years, however, as they began to realize that pollen particles were not as sturdy as they once thought, they have been rethinking their old assumptions.
    Researchers at Ohio University have found the oldest definitive fossil evidence of modern, venomous snakes in Africa. The newly discovered fossil was unearthed in the Rukwa Rift Basin of Tanzania.
    Researchers developed a lightweight microscope that attaches to a cell phone. The compact fluorescent imaging device can detect single nanoparticles and viruses. It might one day be used to conduct biomedical tests in remote and resource-limited areas.
    Politics
    Arab role may be key to U.S. strikes in Syria: U.S. officials
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President Barack Obama wants some Arab participation in air strikes against the Islamic State in order to expand the campaign to Syria, reflecting U.S. concerns that any long-term campaign must count on regional involvement, U.S. officials say.
    French national taken in Algeria, group claims kidnapping
    PARIS/ALGIERS (Reuters) - A French national was kidnapped in eastern Algeria on Sunday, France's foreign ministry said, and his kidnappers issued a video threatening to kill him if Paris did not halt its intervention in Iraq.
    Mexico to free Cubans found at sea, give them residency: official
    MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - Mexico will free 14 Cuban migrants rescued by its navy this month and will give them permanent residency, a Mexican immigration official said on Monday.
    Business
    Housing data hits Wall Street; S&P has worst day since August 5
    NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. stocks closed lower on Monday, with the S&P 500 suffering its biggest one-day decline since early August, as the latest housing data came in much weaker than expected, raising new concerns about the rate of growth in the economy.
    Apple sells more than 10 million new iPhones in first three days
    (Reuters) - Apple Inc said it sold more than 10 million iPhones in the first weekend after its new models went on sale on Friday, underscoring strong demand for phones with larger displays.
    Plosser, hawkish chief of Philadelphia Fed, to retire in March
    (Reuters) - Philadelphia Federal Reserve Bank President Charles Plosser, one of the sharpest internal critics of the central bank's loose monetary policy, will retire next year, in a departure that could ease pressure to raise interest rates more quickly.
    Anemia is a condition in which your blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells. Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin.
    Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing.
    Hyperthermia is an abnormally high body temperature caused by a failure of the heat-regulating mechanisms in the body to deal with the heat coming from the environment.
    Akira Kurosawa was a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter and editor. In a career that spanned 50 years, Kurosawa directed 30 films. He is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in film history. Akira Kurosawa was the youngest of eight children born to Isamu and Shima Kurosawa in a suburb of Tokyo. The Kurosawas descended from a line of former samurai.
    Sunlight is essential to many living things. But sunlight also has a dangerous side. It can harm your skin and even your eyes. The good news is you can take some simple steps to protect your body from sun damage and still enjoy the sun’s healthful effects.
    Neurons are information messengers. They use electrical impulses and chemical signals to transmit information between different areas of the brain, and between the brain and the rest of the nervous system.
    An allergy is a specific reaction of your body’s immune system to a normally harmless substance. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one substance.
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      Nutrition Facts DataBase
    NutriBase is the largest Nutrition Facts DataBase, offering free, clear and accurate information for more than 7,000 food products. Use it to find out the content of Vitamins, Minerals, Energy, Dietary Fiber, Cholesterol, Fatty Acids and other nutrients for a lot of common and not-so-common foods.

    Search foods

    How to search foods:
    • Insert one to three words, and then click Search; you will get the list of foods containing these words;
    • At least one of the words should have more than three letters; don't insert punctuation (allowed characters are letters, numbers, space and hyphen).


    CARTOONS
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    This quick-cooking grain dish has a touch of sweet and nutty flavors to go with most main dishes.
    As an island in the moist, atmospherically turbulent North Atlantic, Iceland is often shrouded in cloud cover and hard to observe from space. And lately, the island is making some its own cloud cover, as the Earth has split open and spewed lava and hot gas from the Holuhraun field.
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