Global Edition. December 21, 2014  Updated: 16 min ago
    Mars Curiosity rover has measured a tenfold spike in methane, an organic chemical, in the atmosphere around it and detected other organic molecules in a rock-powder sample collected by the robotic laboratory’s drill.
    Finance

      ECB Exchange Rates (December 19, 2014)
    1 EUR=1.2279USD -0.00060graph »
    1 EUR=0.78470GBP -0.00180graph »
    1 EUR=1.2039CHF -0.00130graph »
    1 EUR=7.6400CNY +0.00360graph »
    1 EUR=77.7322INR +0.25500graph »
    1 EUR=146.41JPY +0.45000graph »

      Key ECB Interest Rates, effective from September 10, 2014
      Deposit facility -0.2000 % p.a.  -0.1000  
      Marginal lending facility 0.3000 % p.a.  -0.1000  
      Main refinancing operations (fixed) 0.0500 % p.a.  -0.1000  

      NY Foreign Exchange Noon Rates of December 12, 2014
    1 EUR=1.2484USD +0.00870graph »
    1 GBP=1.5728USD +0.00160graph »
    1 USD=0.9620CHF -0.00680graph »
    1 USD=6.1864CNY -0.00170graph »
    1 USD=62.5200INR +0.06000graph »
    1 USD=118.2200JPY -1.18000graph »
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    Researchers revealed how nucleotides damaged by oxidative stress become inserted into DNA strands and block DNA repair mechanisms. The cell death triggered by this process is thought to play a role in many diseases.
    Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which blood doesn’t clot normally. Researchers from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, the University College London, and the Royal Free Hospital have been studying the long-term effectiveness and safety of using gene therapy to treat the disease.
    Autism is a complex brain disorder characterized by difficulties with social interactions and communication. The symptoms and levels of disability can range from mild to severe. The wide range of disorders is collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorder.
    A group led by Dr. Robert Yolken at Johns Hopkins University has been studying the links between viral infections and brain development. Unexpectedly, the researchers discovered genetic sequences from Acanthocystis turfacea chlorella virus 1, a type of Chlorovirus, which infects green algae. These viruses are common in fresh water, such as lakes and ponds, but weren’t thought to infect humans or animals.
    Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder. It’s the most common cause of dementia among older people. The condition, which isn’t a normal part of aging, slowly destroys memory and thinking skills.
    In autoinflammatory diseases, the innate immune system, for unknown reasons, becomes activated and triggers inflammation. This part of the immune system is the body’s rapid first line of defense against infection. The short-term heat, swelling, and redness of inflammation are a normal part of the body’s protective response to injury or infection. But prolonged inflammation can seriously damage the body.
    Diabetes is a disorder in the use of glucose, a sugar that serves as fuel for the body. When blood glucose levels rise, beta cells in the pancreas normally make the hormone insulin. Insulin triggers cells throughout the body to take up sugar from the blood.
    Cells in the human body often need to move in particular directions. Cell movement is crucial for embryo development, immune defense, and tissue repair and regeneration. It’s also key in cancer progression, as metastatic cells spread throughout the body.
    When skeletal muscle becomes damaged, the regeneration process involves a specialized population of cells called satellite cells. These cells normally lie dormant inside adult muscle. In response to injury or exercise, they become active and divide. Some satellite cells mature to replace the damaged muscle tissue, while others serve to replenish the pool of cells available for future repair.
    Mark Hersam, a professor of materials science engineering, chemistry and medicine at Northwestern University, has developed a method to separate nanomaterials by size, therefore providing a consistency in properties otherwise not available.
    Scientists have produced the first integrated computational model of reading, identifying which parts of the brain are responsible for such sub-processes as parsing sentences, determining the meaning of words and understanding relationships between characters.
    The bones and teeth of two--possibly related--Ice-Age infants, who were buried more than 11,000 years ago in central Alaska, constitute the youngest human remains ever found in the North American Arctic.
    The elephant has long been an important spiritual, cultural and national symbol in Thailand. At the beginning of the 20th century, its numbers exceeded 100,000. Today, those numbers have plunged to 2,000. Elephants, as well as other large, charismatic animals such as tigers, monkeys and civet cats, are under attack from hunters and poachers.
    Paleontologists have discovered an almost complete skull of a previously unknown mammal that likely resembled a large modern-day groundhog and lived alongside dinosaurs.
    Long ago, in the largest canyon system in our solar system, vibrations from "marsquakes" shook soft sediments that had accumulated in Martian lakes.
    A map released by NASA's Near Earth Object Program reveals that small asteroids frequently enter and disintegrate in the Earth's atmosphere with random distribution around the globe. Released to the scientific community, the map visualizes data gathered by U.S. government sensors from 1994 to 2013.
    Scientists have produced a new version of what is perhaps NASA's best view of Jupiter's ice-covered moon, Europa. The mosaic of color images was obtained in the late 1990s by NASA's Galileo spacecraft. This is the first time that NASA is publishing a version of the scene produced using modern image processing techniques.
    After more than a decade traveling through space, a robotic lander built by the European Space Agency has made the first-ever soft landing of a spacecraft on a comet.
    Whiplash is a 2014 American drama film written and directed by Damien Chazelle. The film stars Miles Teller as a young jazz drummer who attends one of the best music schools in the country under the tutelage of the school’s fearsome maestro of jazz (J. K. Simmons). It also stars Paul Reiser, Melissa Benoist, Austin Stowell, Jayson Blair, and Kavita Patil. Genre: Drama, Music. Release: 2014
    Wild is a 2014 American biographical drama film directed by Jean-Marc Vallée, written by Nick Hornby, and based on the memoir Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail by Cheryl Strayed. The film stars Reese Witherspoon and Laura Dern. Genre: Biography, Drama. Release: 2014
    The Imitation Game is a 2014 British-American historical thriller film about British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and pioneering computer scientist Alan Turing, a key figure in cracking Nazi Germany's Enigma code that helped the Allies win the Second World War. Genre: Biography, Drama, Thriller. Release: 2014.
    American Sniper is a 2014 American biographical action film directed by Clint Eastwood and written by Jason Dean Hall. It is based on Chris Kyle's autobiography American Sniper. The film stars Bradley Cooper, Sienna Miller, Luke Grimes, Kyle Gallner, Sam Jaeger, Jake McDorman and Cory Hardrict. Genre: Action, Biography, War. Release: 2014
    Wild Card is a 2015 American crime drama film based on the 1985 novel Heat by William Goldman. It is a remake of the 1986 adaptation, also titled Heat, that starred Burt Reynolds. The film is directed by Simon West with a script written by Goldman. It stars Jason Statham, Stanley Tucci, Sofía Vergara, Milo Ventimiglia, Michael Angarano and Anne Heche. Genre: Action, Crime, Drama. Release: 2015
    The Wedding Ringer is a 2015 action romantic comedy film written and directed by Jeremy Garelick. It will star Kevin Hart, Josh Gad, Kaley Cuoco-Sweeting and Olivia Thirlby. Genre: Comedy. Release: 2015
    Gabby tries to put a diaper on a cranky baby.
    Big Hero 6 is a 2014 American 3D computer-animated superhero comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios. The film tells the story of a young robotics prodigy named Hiro Hamada who forms a superhero team to combat a masked villain. Genre: Animation, Action, Adventure. Release: 2014.
    Penguins of Madagascar is an American 3D computer-animated action comedy film, produced by DreamWorks Animation. It is a spin-off of the Madagascar film series, and takes place right after the events of Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted, following the penguins Skipper, Kowalski, Rico and Private in their own spy thriller. Genre: Animation, Adventure, Comedy. Release: 2014
    Jack and the Beanstalk is a 1952 American family comedy film starring the comedy team of Abbott and Costello. It is a comic revision of the classic Jack and the Beanstalk fairy tale. Genres: Comedy, Family, Fantasy, Music, Musical. Language: English
    Mike and Tony Petrakis are Greek American father and son sponge diving entrepreneurs who find themselves in competition with the Rhys family, WASP fishermen who are prepared to resort to violence and even murder to maintain their established fishing grounds off the Gulf Coast of Florida. Genre: Adventure. Language: English, Greek.
    Politics
    Australian mother charged with murder of eight children
    SYDNEY (Reuters) - An Australian mother has been charged with the murder of eight children, seven of them hers, two days after their bodies were found in a home in the city of Cairns.
    Australian defense minister out in cabinet reshuffle
    SYDNEY (Reuters) - Australian Defense Minister David Johnston was thrown out of Prime Minister Tony Abbott's cabinet on Sunday, a month after he embarrassed the government with comments critical of government-owned ship builder ASC.
    North Korea denies hacking Sony, U.S. stands by its assertion
    SEOUL/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - North Korea said on Saturday U.S. accusations that it was involved in a cyberattack on Sony Pictures were "groundless slander," and that it wanted a joint investigation into the incident with the United States.
    Business
    North Korea denies hacking Sony, U.S. stands by its assertion
    SEOUL/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - North Korea said on Saturday U.S. accusations that it was involved in a cyberattack on Sony Pictures were "groundless slander," and that it wanted a joint investigation into the incident with the United States.
    DISH, Comcast SportsNet reach deal in regional dispute
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Satellite TV provider DISH Network Corp and Comcast Corp's SportsNet have reached a deal allowing the cable giant's regional sports networks to remain on-air for DISH subscribers, the two companies said on Saturday.
    North Korea denies hacking Sony, U.S. stands by its assertion
    SEOUL/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - North Korea said on Saturday U.S. accusations that it was involved in a cyberattack on Sony Pictures were "groundless slander," and that it wanted a joint investigation into the incident with the United States.
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      Nutrition Facts DataBase
    NutriBase is the largest Nutrition Facts DataBase, offering free, clear and accurate information for more than 7,000 food products. Use it to find out the content of Vitamins, Minerals, Energy, Dietary Fiber, Cholesterol, Fatty Acids and other nutrients for a lot of common and not-so-common foods.

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    This quick-cooking grain dish has a touch of sweet and nutty flavors to go with most main dishes.
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