Global Edition. October 23, 2014  Updated: 31 min ago
    Kalahari, the name conjures an arid, almost lifeless expanse, its red, iron oxide sands stretching to the horizon and beyond. Kgala, Tswana natives called it, the great thirst. Kgalagadi, it's also named: the waterless place.
    Finance

      ECB Exchange Rates (October 22, 2014)
    1 EUR=1.2693USD -0.00690graph »
    1 EUR=0.79090GBP +0.00090graph »
    1 EUR=1.2062CHF -0.00060graph »
    1 EUR=7.7672CNY -0.04750graph »
    1 EUR=77.7142INR -0.39050graph »
    1 EUR=135.79JPY -0.41000graph »

      Key ECB Interest Rates, effective from September 10, 2014
      Deposit facility -0.2000 % p.a.  -0.1000  
      Marginal lending facility 0.3000 % p.a.  -0.1000  
      Main refinancing operations (fixed) 0.0500 % p.a.  -0.1000  

      NY Foreign Exchange Noon Rates of October 17, 2014
    1 EUR=1.2755USD -0.00570graph »
    1 GBP=1.6086USD +0.00210graph »
    1 USD=0.9468CHF +0.00430graph »
    1 USD=6.1238CNY +0.00080graph »
    1 USD=61.4600INR -0.34000graph »
    1 USD=106.7200JPY +0.74000graph »
    WEATHER
    New York
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    New Delhi
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    Beijing
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    Sydney
    20°C, humidity 82%; mostly cloudy skies

    forecast for Sydney

    When skeletal muscle becomes damaged, the regeneration process involves a specialized population of cells called satellite cells. These cells normally lie dormant inside adult muscle. In response to injury or exercise, they become active and divide. Some satellite cells mature to replace the damaged muscle tissue, while others serve to replenish the pool of cells available for future repair.
    The Ebola virus can cause severe illness and death in people and other primates. The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest outbreak in history, with more than 3,600 infections and 1,800 deaths as of the end of August, according to the World Health Organization. The outbreak is the first in West Africa and the first to affect major cities.
    Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite, which is transmitted to people through mosquitoes. More than 40% of the world’s population lives in at-risk regions. Malaria affects about 300-500 million people each year. Most cases can be successfully treated, but nearly 1 million still die of the disease every year, including about 800,000 children under age 5 in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    The human genome sequence, published in 2003, has helped researchers identify countless genes involved in health and disease. But genes tell only part of a biological story. Many other types of DNA sequences also have biological function. These regions control gene activity and affect DNA structure, dynamics, and replication. Chromatin, the complex of DNA and protein that forms chromosomes, also affects how genes are expressed (turned on and off).
    Bioengineers have created three-dimensional brain-like tissue that functions like and has structural features similar to tissue in the rat brain and that can be kept alive in the lab for more than two months.
    Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling brain disorder that usually strikes during young adulthood and lasts a lifetime. It affects about 1 in 100 people, causing hallucinations, delusions, and other mental problems. Because schizophrenia tends to run in families, scientists have long suspected a genetic component.
    Using data from over 18,000 patients, scientists have identified more than two dozen [[genetic risk]] factors involved in [[Parkinson’s disease]], including six that had not been previously reported. The study, published in Nature Genetics, was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and led by scientists working in NIH laboratories.
    Scientists used a novel microchip-based method to isolate and grow tumor cells circulating in blood. The technique provides an opportunity to test treatments on tumor cells, an important step toward personalizing cancer therapy.
    Paleontologists have identified a new species of titanosaurian, a member of the large-bodied sauropods that thrived during the final period of the dinosaur age, in Tanzania.
    In a finding that has implications for life in other extreme environments, both on Earth and elsewhere in the solar system, researchers published a paper confirming that the waters and sediments of a lake that lies 800 meters (2,600 feet) beneath the surface of the West Antarctic ice sheet support "viable microbial ecosystems."
    NASA research shows Earth's atmosphere contains an unexpectedly large amount of an ozone-depleting compound from an unknown source decades after the compound was banned worldwide.
    Our Milky Way galaxy is littered with the still-sizzling remains of exploded stars. When the most massive stars explode as supernovas, they don't fade into the night, but sometimes glow ferociously with high-energy gamma rays. What powers these energetic stellar remains?
    Astronomers have for the first time caught a glimpse of the earliest stages of massive galaxy construction. The building site, dubbed "Sparky," is a dense galactic core blazing with the light of millions of newborn stars that are forming at a ferocious rate.
    NASA's Pluto-bound New Horizons spacecraft has traversed the orbit of Neptune. This is its last major crossing en route to becoming the first probe to make a close encounter with distant Pluto on July 14, 2015.
    NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has spotted an eruption of dust around a young star, possibly the result of a smashup between large asteroids. This type of collision can eventually lead to the formation of planets.
    New research led by NASA and the University of Washington, Seattle, confirms that springtime snow on sea ice in the Arctic has thinned significantly in the last 50 years, by about a third in the Western Hemisphere and by half near Alaska.
    In the past, many atmospheric scientists believed that pollen particles probably had a negligible effect on climate because they were so big. In recent years, however, as they began to realize that pollen particles were not as sturdy as they once thought, they have been rethinking their old assumptions.
    Researchers at Ohio University have found the oldest definitive fossil evidence of modern, venomous snakes in Africa. The newly discovered fossil was unearthed in the Rukwa Rift Basin of Tanzania.
    Politics
    Russian prosecutors detain four more suspects in Total CEO plane crash
    MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russian prosecutors have detained four more Moscow airport workers over a plane crash which killed the CEO of French oil company Total, Christophe de Margerie, the country's Investigative Committee said on Thursday.
    Special Report: Why Ukraine's revolution remains unfinished
    KIEV (Reuters) - In the afternoon of February 20, after the morning’s dead had been cleared away, Volodymyr Melnychuk arrived outside Kiev’s October palace.
    Mexico says mayor, wife were behind student-teacher disappearances
    MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - A Mexican mayor and his wife were "probable masterminds" behind the disappearance of 43 student-teachers last month in the restive southwest, the country's attorney general said on Wednesday.
    Business
    U.S. prosecutors probe Takata Corp over statements: WSJ
    NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. federal prosecutors are trying to determine whether Japanese auto parts maker Takata Corp misled U.S. regulators about the number of defective air bags it sold to automakers, including Toyota Motor Corp and Honda Motor Co Ltd , The Wall Street Journal reported on Wednesday.
    German survey props up European shares
    LONDON (Reuters) - Stock markets in Europe recovered from a poor start on Thursday after a batch of more optimistic than expected surveys of German and euro zone purchasing managers leavened an otherwise shaky mood.
    Honda executives to take pay cut after fifth Fit hybrid recall
    TOKYO (Reuters) - Honda Motor Co said on Thursday its president and 12 other executives would take an unprecedented pay cut after the Japanese automaker announced the fifth recall in a year of its new Fit model.
    Anemia is a condition in which your blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells. Anemia also can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin.
    Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing.
    Hyperthermia is an abnormally high body temperature caused by a failure of the heat-regulating mechanisms in the body to deal with the heat coming from the environment.
    Akira Kurosawa was a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter and editor. In a career that spanned 50 years, Kurosawa directed 30 films. He is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in film history. Akira Kurosawa was the youngest of eight children born to Isamu and Shima Kurosawa in a suburb of Tokyo. The Kurosawas descended from a line of former samurai.
    Sunlight is essential to many living things. But sunlight also has a dangerous side. It can harm your skin and even your eyes. The good news is you can take some simple steps to protect your body from sun damage and still enjoy the sun’s healthful effects.
    Neurons are information messengers. They use electrical impulses and chemical signals to transmit information between different areas of the brain, and between the brain and the rest of the nervous system.
    An allergy is a specific reaction of your body’s immune system to a normally harmless substance. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one substance.
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      Nutrition Facts DataBase
    NutriBase is the largest Nutrition Facts DataBase, offering free, clear and accurate information for more than 7,000 food products. Use it to find out the content of Vitamins, Minerals, Energy, Dietary Fiber, Cholesterol, Fatty Acids and other nutrients for a lot of common and not-so-common foods.

    Search foods

    How to search foods:
    • Insert one to three words, and then click Search; you will get the list of foods containing these words;
    • At least one of the words should have more than three letters; don't insert punctuation (allowed characters are letters, numbers, space and hyphen).


    CARTOONS
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    This quick-cooking grain dish has a touch of sweet and nutty flavors to go with most main dishes.
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